Peace Restored; the Surrender of Japan, September 2, 1945

Image Gallery

View of the surrender ceremonies, looking forward from USS Missouri's superstructure, as Admiral Conrad E.L. Helfrich signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of The Netherlands. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur is standing beside him.

Photo #: USA C-1189, from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives

Source: NHHC; Online Library of Selected Images: EVENTS, World War II in the Pacific
Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945
Preparations on the Morning of 2 September 1945
USS Missouri

A U.S. Army honor guard presents arms as representatives of the Allied Powers arrive at pier side to be taken to USS Missouri for the surrender ceremonies, 2 September 1945. Uniform patches and unit flag indicate that the honor guard is from the 11th Airborne Division Reconnaissance Battalion. USS Buchanan (DD-484) is alongside the pier. She carried some of the dignitaries out to the Missouri.

Photo #: SC 304314

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

The Japanese delegation comes on board USS Nicholas (DD-449) to be taken to USS Missouri for the surrender ceremonies, 2 September 1945.

Most sources state that the Japanese were transported to Missouri by USS Lansdowne (DD-486), while Nicholas carried members of the Allied Powers’ delegations.

Photo #: SC 210641

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945

Scenes on USS Missouri before the Ceremonies

Photo #: NH 49707

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (left) and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz walk past Turret Number Two to take their places for the surrender ceremonies, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945.

Source: NHHC. Online Library of Selected Images: EVENTS, World War II in the Pacific
Collection of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN.
U.S. Naval History & Heritage Command Photograph

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (center-left) and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz walk past senior U.S. officers to take their places for the surrender ceremonies, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945.

The original print has been inscribed to the U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association by Fleet Admiral Nimitz. Collection of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN.
U.S. Naval History & Heritage Command Photograph

Photo #: NH 49702

Source: Navy History and Heritage Command; online library of selected images
EVENTS -- World War II in the Pacific --
Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945 --
Surrender Ceremonies Begin
USS Missouri

Admiral William F. Halsey, Commander, Third Fleet, is behind them. Lieutenant Commander William J. Kitchell, Halsey's Flag Lieutenant, is in the lead. The Allied representatives at the ceremony are already in their places, in the lower part of the photo, with the surrender table in front of them.


Japanese representatives on board USS Missouri (BB-63) during the surrender ceremonies, 2 September 1945.

Photo #: USA C-2719 (Color)

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Standing in front are: Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu (wearing top hat) and General Yoshijiro Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff.  Behind them are three representatives each of the Foreign Ministry, the Army and the Navy.

They include, in middle row, left to right: Major General Yatsuji Nagai, Army; Katsuo Okazaki, Foreign Ministry; Rear Admiral Tadatoshi Tomioka, Navy; Toshikazu Kase, Foreign Ministry, and Lieutenant General Suichi Miyakazi, Army.

In the the back row, left to right (not all are visible): Rear Admiral Ichiro Yokoyama, Navy; Saburo Ota, Foreign Ministry; Captain Katsuo Shiba, Navy, and Colonel Kaziyi Sugita, Army.

(Identities those in second and third rows are from an annotated photograph in Naval Historical Center files.)


General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Allied Commander, reading his speech to open the surrender ceremonies, on board USS Missouri (BB-63).

Photo #: USA C-2717 (Color)

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

The representatives of the Allied Powers are behind him, including (from left to right): Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser, RN, United Kingdom; Lieutenant General Kuzma Derevyanko, Soviet Union; General Sir Thomas Blamey, Australia; Colonel Lawrence Moore Cosgrave, Canada; General Jacques LeClerc, France; Admiral Conrad E.L. Helfrich, The Netherlands and Air Vice Marshall Leonard M. Isitt, New Zealand. Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland, U.S. Army, is just to the right of Air Vice Marshall Isitt.

Off camera, to left, are the representative of China, General Hsu Yung-chang, and the U.S. representative, Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN.

Framed flag in upper left is that flown by Commodore Matthew C. Perry's flagship when she entered Tokyo Bay in 1853.


Spectators and photographers crowd USS Missouri's superstructure to witness the formal ceremonies marking Japan's surrender, 2 September 1945.

The framed flag in lower right is that hoisted by Commodore Matthew C. Perry on 14 July 1853, in Yedo (Tokyo) Bay, on his first expedition to negotiate the opening of Japan. It had been brought from its permanent home in Memorial Hall at the U.S. Naval Academy for use during the surrender ceremonies.

Photo #: SC 210644

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Japanese Government, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945. Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland, U.S. Army, watches from the opposite side of the table. Foreign Ministry representative Toshikazu Kase is assisting Mr. Shigemitsu.

Photo #: SC 213700

Source: Online Library of Selected Images:
-- EVENTS -- World War II in the Pacific --
Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945 --
Signing the Instruments of Surrender
Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

General Yoshijiro Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945.

Watching from across the table are Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland and General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. Representatives of the Allied powers are behind General MacArthur.

Photo #: 80-G-332701

Photographed from atop Missouri's 16-inch gun turret # 2.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur signs the Instrument of Surrender, as Supreme Allied Commander, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945. Behind him are Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright, U.S. Army, and Lieutenant General Arthur E. Percival, British Army, both of whom had just been released from Japanese prison camps.

Photo #: SC 211872

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN, signs the Instrument of Surrender as United States Representative, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945.

Photo #: 80-G-701293

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Standing directly behind him are (left-to-right): General of the Army Douglas MacArthur; Admiral William F. Halsey, USN, and Rear Admiral Forrest Sherman, USN.

In front row, background, are (left to right): Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman, USN; Vice Admiral Charles A. Lockwood, USN; Vice Admiral John S. McCain, USN; Vice Admiral John H. Towers, USN; Admiral Richmond K. Turner, USN; Rear Admiral Robert B. Carney, USN; General Walter C. Krueger, U.S. Army; General Robert L. Eichelberger, U.S. Army and General Carl A. Spaatz, USAAF.

Others identified behind the front row include (in no order): Brigadier General Joseph H. Fellows, USMC; Captain Tom B. Hill, USN; Commodore J.C. Cronin, USN; Rear Admiral Ingram C. Sowell, USN; Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, USN; Rear Admiral Howard F. Wingman, USN; Rear Admiral Lloyd J. Wiltsie, USN; Rear Admiral J. Cary Jones, USN; Captain John S. Thach, USN and Commodore Joel T. Boone, USN(MC).


General Hsu Yung-chang signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Republic of China, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945.

Photo #: SC 213698

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser signs for the United Kingdom.

Photo #: S38

US Navy Photo by Photo by Buster Campbell, in the collections of the USS Missouri Memorial Association

Lt. General Kuzma Nikolaevich Derevyanko signs for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Photo # S39

US Navy photo by Buster Campbell, in the collections of USS Missouri Memorial Association

General Sr. Thomas Blamey signs for Australia.

Photo #: S40

US Navy photo by Buster Campbell in the collections of the USS Missouri Memorial Association

Colonel Lawrence Moore Cosgrave signs for Canada.

Photo #: 29

US Navy photo by John Bremyer in the collections of the USS Missouri Memorial Association

General Jacques LeClerc signs for France.

Photo #: S41

US Navy photo by Buster Campbell in the collections of the USS Missouri Memorial Association

Admiral C. E. L. Helfrich signs for the Netherlands.

Photo #: S42

US Navy photo by Buster Campbell in the collections of the USS Missouri Memorial Association

Air Vice Marshall Leonard M. Isitt signs for New Zealand.

US Navy photo by Buster Campbell in the Collections of the USS Missouri Memorial Association

View of the surrender ceremonies, looking forward from USS Missouri's superstructure, as Admiral Conrad E.L. Helfrich signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of The Netherlands. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur is standing beside him.

Photo #: USA C-1189 (Color)

Photograph from the Army Signal Corps Collection in the U.S. National Archives

Navy carrier planes fly in formation over the U.S. and British fleets in Tokyo Bay during surrender ceremonies. USS Missouri (BB-63), where the ceremonies took place, is at left.

Photo #: 80-G-421130

Source: Online Library of Selected Images:-- EVENTS -- World War II in the Pacific --
Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945 --
Aircraft Flyover as the Ceremonies Conclude
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
 

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